The Marxist Definition of Class. Marxist-Leninists accept the concept of social class put forward above, but hold that a person’s social class is determined not by the amount of his wealth, but by the source of his income as determined by his relation to labour and to the means of production.
The theory of class is at the centre of Marx’s social theory, for it is the social classes formed within a particular mode of production that tend to establish a particular form of state, animate political conflicts, and bring about major changes in the structure of society.
Karl Marx Wage Labour and Capital Chpt. 5: The Nature and Growth of Capital. The notion of class, as it is used by Marxists, differs radically from the notion of class as used in bourgeois social theory.
A social class is a set of subjectively defined concepts in the social sciences and political theory centered on models of social stratification in which people are grouped into a set of hierarchical social categories, the most common being the upper, middle and lower classes.
For Marx, classes cannot be defined by beginning observation and analysis from individuals, and building a definition of a social class as an aggregate of individuals with particular characteristics. For example, to say that the upper class is all families with incomes of $500,000 or more is not an adequate manner of understanding social class.
Class struggle definition, conflict between different classes in a community resulting from different social or economic positions and reflecting opposed interests. See more.
Social services. Underclass . Social class is one of the most important concepts that sociologists discuss and yet its definition is often illusive. There are two classical sociologists who are most important in the discussions about class – Karl Marx and Max Weber .